Semi-active control systems in bridge engineering: A review of the current state of practice

Konstantinos I. Gkatzogias, Andreas J. Kappos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In view of the grave socioeconomic consequences of earthquake damage to bridge structures, along with their critical role in modern and older road and rail networks, this article attempts to identify and summarise the current trends in the use of semi-active control technology in bridge engineering, as an enhanced seismic response control solution, combining increased adaptability and reliability, compared to passive and active schemes. In this context, representative analytical and experimental studies, as well as some full-scale applications of semi-active control devices are first reviewed and a brief description of relevant benchmark studies is subsequently presented, with a view to serving as a point of reference for further research and development. A framework of performance-based control principles aiming at the aforementioned objectives is finally set forth.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)290-300
Number of pages11
JournalStructural Engineering International
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2016


  • Bridges
  • Earthquake engineering
  • Seismic devices
  • Semi-active control
  • Structural control


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