Self-similarity of classical music networks

Vitor Rolla, Pablo Riera, Pedro Souza, Jorge Zubelli, Luiz Velho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We present an in-depth analysis of the fractal nature of 21 classical music pieces previously shown to have scale-free properties. The musical pieces are represented as networks where the nodes are musical notes and respective durations, and the edges are its chronological sequence. The node degree distribution of these networks is analyzed, looking for self-similarity. This analysis is done in the full network, in its fractal dimensions, and its skeletons. The assortativeness of the pieces is also studied as a fractal property. We show that two-thirds of these networks are scale-invariant, i.e. scale-free in some dimension or their skeleton. In particular, two pieces were given attention because of their exceptional tendency for fractality.

Original languageBritish English
Article number2150041
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2021


  • Classical Music
  • Complex Network Analysis Musical Networks
  • Fractals
  • Scale-Free


Dive into the research topics of 'Self-similarity of classical music networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this