Selective catalytic deoxygenation of palm oil to produce green diesel over Ni catalysts supported on ZrO2 and CeO2–ZrO2: Experimental and process simulation modelling studies

Anastasios I. Tsiotsias, Sanaa Hafeez, Nikolaos D. Charisiou, Sultan M. Al-Salem, George Manos, Achilleas Constantinou, Sara AlKhoori, Victor Sebastian, Steven J. Hinder, Mark A. Baker, Kyriaki Polychronopoulou, Maria A. Goula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The selective deoxygenation of palm oil to produce green diesel has been investigated over Ni catalysts supported on ZrO2 (Ni/Zr) and CeO2–ZrO2 (Ni/CeZr) supports. The modification of the support with CeO2 acted to improve the Ni dispersion and oxygen lability of the catalyst, while reducing the overall surface acidity. The Ni/CeZr catalyst exhibited higher triglyceride (TG) conversion and yield for the desirable C15–C18 hydrocarbons, as well as improved stability compared to the unmodified Ni/Zr catalyst, with TG conversion and C15–C18 yield remaining above 85% and 80% respectively during 20 h of continuous operation at 300 oC. The high C17 yields also revealed the dominance of the deCOx (decarbonylation/decarboxylation) pathway. A fully comprehensive process simulation model has been developed to validate the experimental findings in this study, and a very good validation with the experimental data has been demonstrated. The model was then further utilised to investigate the effects of temperature, H2 partial pressure, H2/oil feed ratio and LHSV. The model predicted that maximum triglyceride conversion was attainable at reaction conditions of 300 °C temperature, 30 bar H2 partial pressure, H2/oil of 1000 cm3/cm3 feed ratio and 1.2 h−1 LHSV.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)582-596
Number of pages15
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume206
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Ceria-zirconia
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Green diesel
  • Process modelling
  • Selective deoxygenation

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