Seismic stratigraphy of the Mianwali and Bannu depressions, north-western Indus foreland basin

Asam Farid, Perveiz Khalid, Muhammad Y. Ali, Muhammad Asim Iqbal, Khan Zaib Jadoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regional seismic reflection profiles, deep exploratory wells, and outcrop data have been used to study the structure and stratigraphic architecture of the Mianwali and Bannu depressions, north-western Indus foreland basin. Synthetic seismograms have been used to identify and tie the seismic horizons to the well data. Nine mappable seismic sequences are identified within the passive and active margin sediments. In general, the Mianwali and Bannu depressions deepens towards north due to the flexure generated by the loading and southward shifting of the thrust sheets of the North-western Himalayan Fold and Thrust Belt. The seismic profiles show a classic wedge shaped foreland basin with a prominent angular unconformity which clearly differentiates the active and passive margin sediments. The onlap patterns in the Late Cretaceous sediments suggest the initial onset of foreland basin formation when the Indian Plate collided with Eurasian Plate. As the collision progressed, the lithospheric flexure caused an uplift along the flexural bulge which resulted in onlaps within the Paleocene and Eocene sequences. The tectonic activity reached to its maximum during Oligocene with the formation of a prominent unconformity, which caused extensive erosion that increases towards the flexural bulge.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1557-1578
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume107
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Bulge
  • Flexure
  • Himalayas
  • Seismic stratigraphy
  • Unconformities

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