Segmentation automatique d'images CT thoraciques à l'aide de trois modèles basés sur l'apprentissage profond

Translated title of the contribution: Automatic segmentation of thoracic CT images using three deep learning models

D. M. Khalal, A. Behouch, H. Azizi, N. Maalej

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Deep learning (DL) techniques are widely used in medical imaging and in particular for segmentation. Indeed, manual segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) is time-consuming and suffers from inter- and intra-observer segmentation variability. Image segmentation using DL has given very promising results. In this work, we present and compare the results of segmentation of OARs and a clinical target volume (CTV) in thoracic CT images using three DL models. Materials and methods: We used CT images of 52 patients with breast cancer from a public dataset. Automatic segmentation of the lungs, the heart and a CTV was performed using three models based on the U-Net architecture. Three metrics were used to quantify and compare the segmentation results obtained with these models: the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), the Jaccard coefficient (J) and the Hausdorff distance (HD). Results: The obtained values of DSC, J and HD were presented for each segmented organ and for the three models. Examples of automatic segmentation were presented and compared to the corresponding ground truth delineations. Our values were also compared to recent results obtained by other authors. Conclusion: The performance of three DL models was evaluated for the delineation of the lungs, the heart and a CTV. This study showed clearly that these 2D models based on the U-Net architecture can be used to delineate organs in CT images with a good performance compared to other models. Generally, the three models present similar performances. Using a dataset with more CT images, the three models should give better results.

Translated title of the contributionAutomatic segmentation of thoracic CT images using three deep learning models
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)1008-1015
Number of pages8
Issue number8
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Automatic segmentation
  • Clinical target volume
  • Deep learning
  • Organs-at-risk


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