Secrecy Energy Efficiency in Multi-Antenna SWIPT Networks with Dual-Layer PS Receivers

Yang Lu, Ke Xiong, Pingyi Fan, Zhiguo Ding, Zhangdui Zhong, Khaled Ben Letaief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This paper studies the secrecy energy efficiency (SEE) for MISO power-splitting (PS) SWIPT networks in the presence of multiple passive eavesdroppers (Eves), where the non-linear energy harvesting (EH) model and the dual-layer PS receiver architecture are employed. With only channel distribution information (CDI) of Eves known and the artificial noise (AN) embedded into the transmit signals at the transmitter, a SEE maximization problem is formulated under constraints of the minimal rate and EH requirements of legitimate receivers and the power budget at the transmitter. To tackle the difficulty caused by the fractional objective function and the probability constraints in solving the considered problem, the second-layer PS ratios are firstly optimized by bisection and sum-of-ratios maximization methods, and then the transmit beamforming vectors, the AN covariance matrix and the first-layer PS ratios are jointly optimized by using successive convex approximation (SCA) and Dinkelbach's methods. The proposed solution approach is theoretically proved to converge to a stationary point of the SDR form of the considered problem, which is further shown to be the optimal one. Numerical results show that our proposed design achieves the highest SEE over traditional power minimization and secrecy rate maximization designs. Moreover, when the rate requirement is larger than a threshold or the available power is less than a threshold, traditional power minimization design or secrecy rate maximization design is able to achieve a similar SEE to our proposed design. Besides, the dual-layer PS receiver architecture is able to improve the EH efficiency and system SEE.

Original languageBritish English
Article number9056808
Pages (from-to)4290-4306
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • dual-layer PS receiver architecture
  • fractional programming
  • MISO
  • non-linear EH model
  • Secrecy energy efficiency
  • successive convex approximation


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