Scandium doping effect on a layered perovskite cathode for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs)

Donghwi Jeong, Junyoung Kim, Ohhun Kwon, Chaehyun Lim, Sivaprakash Sengodan, Jeeyoung Shin, Guntae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Layered perovskite oxides are considered as promising cathode materials for the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) due to their high electronic/ionic conductivity and fast oxygen kinetics at low temperature. Many researchers have focused on further improving the electrochemical performance of the layered perovskite material by doping various metal ions into the B-site. Herein, we report that Sc3+ doping into the layered perovskite material, PrBaCo2O5+δ (PBCO), shows a positive effect of increasing electrochemical performances. We confirmed that Sc3+ doping could provide a favorable crystalline structure of layered perovskite for oxygen ion transfer in the lattice with improved Goldschmidt tolerance factor and specific free volume. Consequently, the Sc3+ doped PBCO exhibits a maximum power density of 0.73 W cm-2 at 500 °C, 1.3 times higher than that of PBCO. These results indicate that Sc3+ doping could effectively improve the electrochemical properties of the layered perovskite material, PBCO.

Original languageBritish English
Article number2217
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Cathode material
  • Electrochemistry
  • Perovskite
  • Solid oxide fuel cells

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