Scalable High Refractive Index polystyrene-sulfur nanocomposites via in situ inverse vulcanization

Vijay S. Wadi, Kishore K. Jena, Kevin Halique, Brigita Rožič, Luka Cmok, Vasileios Tzitzios, Saeed M. Alhassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we demostrate the preparation of low cost High Refractive Index polystyrene-sulfur nanocomposites in one step by combining inverse vulcanization and melt extrusion method. Poly(sulfur-1,3-diisopropenylbenzene) (PS-SD) copolymer nanoparticles (5 to 10 wt%) were generated in the polystyrene matrix via in situ inverse vulcanization reaction during extrusion process. Formation of SD copolymer was confirmed by FTIR and Raman spectroscopy. SEM and TEM further confirms the presence of homogeneously dispersed SD nanoparticles in the size range of 5 nm. Thermal and mechanical properties of these nanocomposites are comparable with the pristine polystyrene. The transparent nanocomposites exhibits High Refractive Index n = 1.673 at 402.9 nm and Abbe’y number ~ 30 at 10 wt% of sulfur loading. The nanocomposites can be easily processed into mold, films and thin films by melt processing as well as solution casting techniques. Moreover, this one step preparation method is scalable and can be extend to the other polymers.

Original languageBritish English
Article number14924
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

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