Salp swarm algorithm-based optimal control scheme for LVRT capability improvement of grid-connected photovoltaic power plants: Design and experimental validation

Omnia S. Elazab, Mahdi Debouza, Hany M. Hasanien, S. M. Muyeen, Ahmed Al-Durra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Contribution of Photovoltaic (PV) systems is rapidly growing and great attention is given to the design of PV controllers to enhance both the performance of PV systems and the low voltage ride through (LVRT) capability during abnormal operational conditions. This article presents a novel application of the salp swarm algorithm (SSA) in order to optimally tune the PV controllers to enhance the LVRT of grid-connected PV systems. Enhancement of LVRT is indicated in percentage undershoots or overshoots, settling time and steady-state error of voltage response. A control strategy is applied to the DC-DC converter to obtain a maximum power point tracking operation through a proportional-integral (PI)-based open fractional voltage control. The grid side inverter controls both the point of common coupling voltage and the DC-link voltage through PI-based cascaded-voltage control. To get PI controller parameters that guarantee the optimum design of the controllers, the fitness function is optimized by using the SSA. The proposed optimal control scheme is tested under various fault scenarios and compared with other conventional optimization-based PI controllers to examine its validity under PSCAD environment. The effectiveness of the optimal control scheme is verified by comparing the simulation results with the practical results of the PV system.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)591-599
Number of pages9
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Mar 2020

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