Rudin extension theorems on product spaces, turning bands, and random fields on balls cross time

Emilio Porcu, Samuel Feng, Xavier Emery, Ana P. Peron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Characteristic functions that are radially symmetric have a dual interpretation, as they can be used as the isotropic correlation functions of spatial random fields. Extensions of isotropic correlation functions from balls into d-dimensional Euclidean spaces, Rd, have been understood after Rudin. Yet, extension theorems on product spaces are elusive, and a counterexample provided by Rudin on rectangles suggests that the problem is challenging. This paper provides extension theorems for multiradial characteristic functions that are defined in balls embedded in Rd cross, either Rd′ or the unit sphere Sd′ embedded in Rd′+1, for any two positive integers d and d . We then examine Turning Bands operators that provide bijections between the class of multiradial correlation functions in given product spaces, and multiradial correlations in product spaces having different dimensions. The combination of extension theorems with Turning Bands provides a connection with random fields that are defined in balls cross linear or circular time.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1464-1475
Number of pages12
JournalBernoulli
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Characteristic functions
  • random fields
  • Rudin’s extensions
  • turning bands

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