Role of toluene to acid gas (H2S and CO2) combustion in H2/O2-N2 flame under Claus condition

S. Ibrahim, A. Al Shoaibi, A. K. Gupta

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Experimental results are presented from the combustion of toluene with CO2 and H2S gas in H2/O2-N2 flames at an equivalence ratio of Φ=3 (Claus condition). The results from the combustion of 100% H2S, H2S/C7H8 and H2S/C7H8/CO2 acid gases are also reported. The results showed a decrease in mole fraction of H2S and simultaneous evolution of SO2 in H2S/H2/O2-N2 flame. In contrast, combustion of H2S/C7H8 acid gas showed faster initial SO2 formation to a maximum mole fraction, but the formed SO2 decomposed further downstream in the reactor. This is in further contrast to that of H2S/C7H8/CO2 acid gas combustion, where CO2 acted as an oxidizer (released atomic oxygen) that furthered SO2 formation. The results also revealed the formation of CH4, C2H2 and CS2 with the addition of toluene. The presence of CO2 enhanced the formation of mercaptans (COS and CS2) and decomposition of formed hydrocarbons in the reactor. These results help to identify conditions under which hydrocarbons and mercaptans (COS and CS2) are formed, and how they can be mitigated during sulfur and energy recovery from acid gases.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Energy
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • Acid gas
  • Claus process
  • Hydrogen sulfide combustion
  • Sulfur chemistry
  • Sulfur recovery
  • Toluene addition and destruction


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