Rheological behavior and its chemical interpretation of crumb rubber modified asphalt containing warm-mix additives

Haopeng Wang, Xueyan Liu, Panos Apostolidis, Tom Scarpas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

The microstructure and chemical composition of asphalt binders have a significant effect on their rheological properties and, therefore, their performance as road paving binders. This study aims to investigate the effects of warm-mix asphalt (WMA) additives, organic type and chemical type, on the rheological properties and chemical internal structure of base asphalt and crumb rubber modified asphalt (CRMA). A set of dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) tests was conducted to obtain the rheological parameters (e.g., complex viscosity, complex modulus, phase angle) of asphalt binders. The flow activation energy was calculated from Arrhenius equation based on viscosity data to rank the thermal susceptibility. Black diagrams and master curves of complex modulus and phase angle were utilized to analyze the rheological properties. The molecular weight distributions of asphalt binders were inverted from the phase angle master curve to evaluate the molecular weight characteristics. It was found that the the addition of crumb rubber into base asphalt improves the rheological properties of enhanced modulus and elasticity. Organic and chemical types of WMA additives have different chemo-physical effects on both base asphalt and CRMA. Phase angle inversion method provides a powerful tool to monitor the molecular structure change and, therefore, the chemo-physical interactions of asphalt binders induced by modifications. Finally, there is a good correlation between flow activation energy and molecular weight.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)337-348
Number of pages12
JournalTransportation Research Record
Volume2672
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

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