Review on Sperm Sorting Technologies and Sperm Properties toward New Separation Methods via the Interface of Biochemistry and Material Science

Roberto D. Katigbak, Giovanni M. Turchini, Simon P. de Graaf, Lingxue Kong, Ludovic F. Dumée

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Successful fertilization in mammals requires spermatozoa to efficiently traverse the female reproductive tract to meet the egg. This process naturally selects high quality sperm cells for fertilization, but when artificial reproductive technologies are used such as in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or intrauterine insemination, other methods of sperm selection are required. Currently, technology enables sperm sorting based on motility, maturity as defined by zeta potential or hyaluronic acid binding site expression, absence of apoptotic factors, appropriate morphology, and even sex. This review summarizes current knowledge on all known methods of sperm cell sorting, compares their efficiency, and discusses the advantages and limitations of each technique. Scope for further refinement and improvement of current methods are discussed as is the potential to utilize a variety of materials to innovate new methods of sperm separation.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1900079
JournalAdvanced Biosystems
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • semen
  • sperm cell properties
  • sperm sexing
  • sperm sorting
  • spermatozoa

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