Review of the development of diamond radiation sensors

W. Adam, C. Bauer, E. Berdermann, P. Bergonzo, F. Bogani, E. Borchi, A. Brambilla, M. Bruzzi, C. Colledani, J. Conway, W. Dabrowski, P. Delpierre, A. Deneuville, W. Dulinski, B. Van Eijk, A. Fallou, F. Fizzotti, F. Foulon, M. Friedl, K. K. GanE. Gheeraert, E. Grigoriev, G. Hallewell, R. Hall-Wilton, S. Han, F. Hartjes, J. Hrubec, D. Husson, H. Kagan, D. Kania, J. Kaplon, C. Karl, R. Kass, K. T. Knöpfle, M. Krammer, A. Logiudice, R. Lu, P. F. Manfredi, C. Manfredotti, R. D. Marshall, D. Meier, M. Mishina, A. Oh, L. S. Pan, V. G. Palmieri, M. Pernicka, A. Peitz, S. Pirollo, P. Polesello, K. Pretzl, V. Re, J. L. Riester, S. Roe, D. Roff, A. Rudge, S. Schnetzer, S. Sciortino, V. Speziali, H. Stelzer, R. Stone, R. J. Tapper, R. Tesarek, G. B. Thomson, M. Trawick, W. Trischuk, E. Vittone, A. M. Walsh, R. Wedenig, P. Weilhammer, H. Ziock, M. Zoeller

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

    65 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Diamond radiation sensors produced by chemical vapour deposition are studied for the application as tracking detectors in high luminosity experiments. Sensors with a charge collection distance up to 250 μm have been manufactured. Their radiation hardness has been studied with pions, proton and neutrons up to fluences of 1.9×1015 π cm-2, 5×1015 p cm-2 and 1.35×1015 n cm-2, respectively. Diamond micro-strip detectors with 50 μm pitch have been exposed in a high-energy test beam in order to investigate their charge collection properties. The measured spatial resolution using a centre-of-gravity position finding algorithm corresponds to the digital resolution for this strip pitch. First results from a strip tracker with a 2×4 cm2 surface area are reported as well as the performance of a diamond tracker read out by radiation-hard electronics with 25 ns shaping time. Diamond pixel sensors have been prepared to match the geometries of the recently available read-out chip prototypes for ATLAS and CMS. Beam test results are shown from a diamond detector bump-bonded to an ATLAS prototype read-out. They demonstrate a 98% bump-bonding efficiency and a digital resolution in both dimensions.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)131-145
    Number of pages15
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume434
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 11 Sep 1999
    EventProceedings of the 1998 6th International Workshop on Gallium Arsenide Detectors and Related Compounds - Praha-Pruhonice
    Duration: 22 Jun 199826 Jun 1998

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