Review - Influence of Processing Parameters to Control Morphology and Optical Properties of Sol-Gel Synthesized ZnO Nanoparticles

Sandeep Arya, Prerna Mahajan, Sarika Mahajan, Ajit Khosla, Ram Datt, Vinay Gupta, Sheng Joue Young, Sai Kiran Oruganti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

423 Scopus citations

Abstract

ZnO has several potential applications into its credit. This review article focuses on the influence of processing parameters involved during the synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by sol-gel method. During the sol-gel synthesis technique, the processing parameters/experimental conditions can affect the properties of the synthesized material. Processing parameters are the operating conditions that are to be kept under consideration during the synthesis process of nanoparticles so that various properties exhibited by the resulting nanoparticles can be tailored according to the desired applications. Effect of parameters like pH of the sol, additives used (like capping agent, surfactant), the effect of annealing temperature and calcination on the morphology and the optical properties of ZnO nanoparticles prepared via sol-gel technique is analyzed in this study. In this study, we tried to brief the experimental investigations done by various researchers to analyze the influence of processing parameters on ZnO nanoparticles. This study will provide a platform to understand and establish a correlation between the experimental conditions and properties of ZnO nanoparticles prepared through sol-gel route which will be helpful in meeting the desired needs in various application areas.

Original languageBritish English
Article number023002
JournalECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

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