Respiratory health effects of industrial air pollution on children in North Lebanon

Rana Kobrossi, Iman Nuwayhid, Abla Mehio Sibai, Mutasem El-Fadel, Mustafa Khogali

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Scopus citations


    This study assesses the association between the proximity of residence to cement and fertilizer plants in industrialized districts and respiratory health complaints among children (5-15 years old) in Northem Lebanon. A multi-stage random sample of households was selected from two exposed districts and a third non-industrialized. One child was randomly selected from each household for a total of 486 children. Living within 0-3 km of industries, as compared to living farther away (4-7 km), was associated with a statistically significant increase in the risk for cough with colds (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 3.40), phlegm with colds (OR = 2.14), yearly episodes of cough and phlegm (OR = 4.63), yearly chest colds (OR = 4.12), and wheezing (OR = 2.23). When compared to living in the non-industrialized district, children living within 0-3 km of industries showed a significantly higher risk for yearly chest colds (OR = 2.30). However, living in the 4-7 km region of industries was associated with a lower risk of respiratory complaints, as compared to living in the comparison area. This was attributed to higher altitudes and different meteorological characteristics. A higher risk of respiratory problems was reported among children living close to cement than fertilizer industries. Policy intervention measures are recommended.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)205-220
    Number of pages16
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Sep 2002


    • Air pollution
    • Cement
    • Children
    • Fertilizer
    • Industry
    • Lebanon
    • Respiratory


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