Relative loss rate differentiation: Performance of short-lived TCP flows

James Aweya, Michel Ouellette, Delfin Y. Montuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The relative differentiated service model provides assurances for the relative quality ordering between service classes, rather than for the actual service level in each class. In this paper, we describe a relative loss rate differentiation scheme where packet drop probabilities are determined according to an active queue management (AQM) mechanism based on random early detection (RED) in a first-in first-out (FIFO) queue, are weighted in inverse proportion to the price that the network operator assigns to each service class. Basically, we describe a scheme where relative loss rate differentiation is incorporated directly into AQM. Most TCP flows today, particularly Web flows, can be characterized as short-lived flows. Using simulations with short-lived TCP flows, we show that the scheme is very effective in ensuring relative loss rate differentiation between service classes during times of network congestion.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)77-93
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Communication Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2005


  • Active queue management
  • Congestion control
  • Relative differentiated services
  • Relative loss rate differentiation
  • TCP congestion control


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