Reducing CACC Platoon Disturbances Caused by State Jitters by Combining Two Stages Driving State Recognition with Multiple Platoons' Strategies and Risk Prediction

Wei Hao, Li Liu, Xianfeng Yang, Yongfu Li, Young Ji Byon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The string stability of cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) platoons is largely affected by complex driving environment and abnormal driving behaviors. Fast and repetitive driving-state changes always occur during the period of changing driving states (such as leaving a platoon or lane-change), due to errors made in driver decisions or automatic driving system. This research proposes a framework which combines recognition of driving states with platoon operations and risk-prediction in order to reduce disturbance and unnecessary platoon operations resulting from driving-state jitters. First of all, long short-term memory (LSTM) neural networks were used in this research combined with a time-window in order to recognize driving states. Based on this research, the LSTM mode with an added time-window was found to be able to effectively reduce comparatively the jitters of recognition results. After that, an integrated mode which incorporates a recognition mode with danger probabilities was demonstrated to present better platoon operations. Monte Carlo simulation and importance sampling method will be given to predict platoons' and vehicles' trajectories and compute danger probabilities. In addition, an innovative strategy is implemented to identify an additional leader and execute a platoon splitting in order to improve driving smoothness, if a vehicle is recognized in an abnormal car-following state with a high danger-probability. In summary, this research has conducted extensive numerical tests to evaluate performances of the proposed system and the analysis results show that the proposed strategies will effectively increase smoothness and safety for a multi-platooning system.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)2144-2154
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • CACC
  • disturbance reduction
  • driving state recognition
  • risk prediction
  • state change
  • Vehicle platooning

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