Recent improvements in oily wastewater treatment: Progress, challenges, and future opportunities

Sanaa Jamaly, Adewale Giwa, Shadi Wajih Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

334 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oily wastewater poses significant threats to the soil, water, air and human beings because of the hazardous nature of its oil contents. The objective of this review paper is to highlight the current and recently developed methods for oily wastewater treatment through which contaminants such as oil, fats, grease, and inorganics can be removed for safe applications. These include electrochemical treatment, membrane filtration, biological treatment, hybrid technologies, use of biosurfactants, treatment via vacuum ultraviolet radiation, and destabilization of emulsions through the use of zeolites and other natural minerals. This review encompasses innovative and novel approaches to oily wastewater treatment and provides scientific background for future work that will be aimed at reducing the adverse impact of the discharge of oily wastewater into the environment. The current challenges affecting the optimal performance of oily wastewater treatment methods and opportunities for future research development in this field are also discussed.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Biological
  • Electrochemical
  • Membrane
  • Oily wastewater
  • Treatment

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