Recent development of high-performance photocatalysts for N2fixation: A review

Dang Le Tri Nguyen, Mahider Asmare Tekalgne, Thi Hong Chuong Nguyen, Minh Tuan Nguyen Dinh, Siva Sankar Sana, Andrews Nirmala Grace, Mohammadreza Shokouhimehr, Dai Viet N. Vo, Chin Kui Cheng, Chinh Chien Nguyen, Soo Young Kim, Quyet Van Le

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Photocatalytic N2 fixation has emerged as a potential alternative pathway to synthesize NH3. However, poor light absorption, restricted charge separation, the extreme stability of N2 molecules caused by the NN bond, and the 6e-involved reactions are considered to be bottlenecks limiting the overall photocatalytic performance. In this context, the nature of the active sites plays a crucial role, which is associated with N2 adsorption, activation, and reduction. In this review, we provide forefront research on the development of highly active sites for photon-induced N2 fixation. Thus, three essential sections, namely (i) defect-rich photocatalysts, (ii) metal and nonmetal doping photocatalysts, and (iii) emerged co-catalysts, are highlighted to create a panorama of the materials approach to solar-driven N2 fixation. Finally, a summary and future outlook are given. It is hoped that this review will provide a broad picture and inspire the exploration of novel photocatalysts for efficient NH3 production.

Original languageBritish English
Article number104997
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Co-catalyst
  • Defect
  • Doping
  • Nactivation
  • Nfixation
  • Photocatalyst


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