Real-Time Two-Dimensional Imaging of Solid Contaminants in Gas Pipelines Using an Electrical Capacitance Tomography System

Mahmoud Meribout, Imran M. Saied

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, an electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) system for real-time measurement of solid contaminants in gas pipelines is presented. It consists of a ring of eight electrodes evenly distributed in the circular cross section of the probe. The speed-up enhancement is achieved using a field programmable gate array (FPGA) for the post-processing part of the system to accelerate the intensive matrix multiplications which are required in the image reconstruction algorithm. Experimental results on field-collected solid contaminants demonstrated the capability of the system to build in real-time two-dimensional cross-sectional images of the contaminants while giving an estimated measurement of their concentration. This allows the flow regime of the contaminants in the pipeline to be identified. Results also show that using Altera's Stratix V FPGA, 305 KLEs are required to achieve image reconstruction throughput up to 3233 frames/s for image size of 64 × 64 pixels. Simulation results were also conducted using finite-element method solver to assess the ECT probe for various image reconstruction algorithms (i.e., Linear back projection, Landweber, and modified Landweber algorithms). The results indicate a good matching with the experimental results.

Original languageBritish English
Article number7815262
Pages (from-to)3989-3996
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Electrical capacitance tomography (ECT)
  • field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs)
  • sensor systems

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