RBC-OLSR: Reputation-based clustering OLSR protocol for wireless ad hoc networks

Jean Marc Robert, Hadi Otrok, Abdelkarim Chriqi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


We consider the problem of assuring the trustworthiness (i.e. reliability and robustness) and prolonging the lifetime of wireless ad hoc networks, using the OLSR routing protocol, in the presence of selfish nodes. Assuring the trustworthiness of these networks can be achieved by selecting the most trusted paths, while prolonging the lifetime can be achieved by (1) reducing the number of relay nodes (MPR) propagating the topology control (TC) messages and (2) considering the residual energy levels of these relay nodes in the selection process. In this paper, we propose a novel clustering algorithm and a relay node selection algorithm based on the residual energy level and connectivity index of the nodes. This hybrid model is referred to as H-OLSR. The OLSR messages are adapted to handle the cluster heads election and the MPR nodes selection algorithms. These algorithms are designed to cope with selfish nodes that are getting benefits from others without cooperating with them. Hence, we propose an incentive compatible mechanism that motivates nodes to behave truthfully during the selection and election processes. Incentive retributions increase the reputation of the nodes. Since network services are granted according to nodes' accumulated reputation, the nodes should cooperate. Finally, based on nodes' reputation, the most trusted forwarding paths are determined. This reputation-based hybrid model is referred to as RH-OLSR. Simulation results show that the novel H-OLSR model based on energy and connectivity can efficiently prolong the network lifetime, while the RH-OLSR model improves the trustworthiness of the network through the selection of the most trusted paths based on nodes' reputations. These are the two different processes used to define the reputation-based clustering OLSR (RBC-OLSR) routing protocol.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)487-499
Number of pages13
JournalComputer Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2012


  • Ad hoc networks
  • Cluster head election and mechanism design
  • Clustering
  • OLSR


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