Qualitative spectroscopic characterization of the matrix-silane coupling agent interface across metal fibre reinforced ion exchange resin composite membranes

Ludovic F. Dumée, Francois Marie Allioux, Rackel Reis, Mikel Duke, Stephen Gray, Mark Tobin, Ljiljana Puskar, Li He, Peter Hodgson, Lingxue Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The characterization of novel metal reinforced electro-dialysis ion exchange membranes, for water desalination, by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy mapping is presented in this paper. The surface of the porous stainless steel fibre meshes was treated in order to enhance the amount of surface oxide groups and increase the material hydrophilicity. Then, the metal membranes were functionalized through a sol-gel reaction with silane coupling agents to enhance the affinity with the ion exchange resins and avoid premature metal oxidation due to redox reactions at the metal-polymer interface. Polished cross sections of the composite membranes embedded into an epoxy resin revealed interfaces between metallic frameworks and the silane layer at the interface with the ion exchange material. The morphology of the metal-polymer interface was investigated with scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared micro-spectroscopy. Fourier transform infrared mapping of the interfaces was performed using the attenuated total reflectance mode on the polished cross-sections at the Australian Synchrotron. The nature of the interface between the metal framework and the ion exchange resin was shown to be homogeneous and the coating thickness was found to be around 1 μm determined by Fourier transform infrared micro-spectroscopy mapping. The impact of the coating on the properties of the membranes and their potential for water desalination by electro-dialysis are also discussed.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)203-212
Number of pages10
JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Corrosion resistance
  • FTIR mapping
  • Metal surface chemistry
  • Organic-inorganic interface characterization
  • Silane coupling agent grafting

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