Properties of disorder-engineered black titanium dioxide nanoparticles through hydrogenation

Xiaobo Chen, Lei Liu, Zhi Liu, Matthew A. Marcus, Wei Cheng Wang, Nathan A. Oyler, Michael E. Grass, Baohua Mao, Per Anders Glans, Peter Y. Yu, Jinghua Guo, Samuel S. Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

357 Scopus citations


The recent discovery of "black" TiO 2 nanoparticles with visible and infrared absorption has triggered an explosion of interest in the application of TiO 2 in a diverse set of solar energy systems; however, what a black TiO 2 nanoparticle really is remains a mystery. Here we elucidate more properties and try to understand the inner workings of black TiO 2 nanoparticles with hydrogenated disorders in a surface layer surrounding a crystalline core. Contrary to traditional findings, Ti 3+ here is not responsible for the visible and infrared absorption of black TiO 2, while there is evidence of mid-gap states above the valence band maximum due to the hydrogenated, engineered disorders. The hydrogen atoms, on the other hand, can undergo fast diffusion and exchange. The enhanced hydrogen mobility may be explained by the presence of the hydrogenated, disordered surface layer. This unique structure thus may give TiO 2, one of the most-studied oxide materials, a renewed potential.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1510
JournalScientific Reports
StatePublished - 2013


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