Processing and property investigation of high-density carbon nanostructured papers with superior conductive and mechanical properties

Hammad Younes, Rashid Abu Al-Rub, Md Mahfuzur Rahman, Ahmed Dalaq, Amal Al Ghaferi, Tushar Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, Lockheed Martin Corporation has synthesized special types of carbon nanostructures (CNSs) that are made of highly aligned, but highly cross-linked, and relatively long carbon nanotubes that are bundled in flack-shaped architectures. In this paper, a simple and scalable method is developed for making very electrically conductive and mechanically strong paper sheets using these novel pre-aligned CNS materials to be used in various engineering applications. The electrical conductivity and mechanical properties of the as fabricated paper sheets have been improved significantly by increasing their density from 0.6 to 1.6 g/cm3 through pressing. The scanning electron microscope images of the surface and cross-section of the as fabricated and pressed papers show a very high degree of carbon nanotubes alignment, which indicated that the pre-alignment of CNSs remained unaltered even after the sonication and the pressing process. The electrical conductivity of the papers has been improved by 113% with increasing the density of the CNS papers. In addition, the mechanical properties improved with increasing the density. The tensile strength and the Young's modulus improved by 67% and 86% respectively as the density increases.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Alignment
  • Carbon nanostructure
  • Densification and electrical conductivity

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