Process temperatures and material flow in friction stir welding of high density polyethylene (hdpe)

Jamal Sheikh Ahmad, Razi Ur Rehman, Suleyman Deveci, Fahad Almaskari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

In this study we investigate the effect of material temperatures on material flow and weld quality in the friction stir welding of bi-modal high density polyethylene (HDPE). The heat input to the process was controlled by varying the tool rotational speed, welding speed and the material initial temperature. Preheating of the HDPE blanks on the bottom surface of the weld was incorporated in order to increase the material flow in this relatively colder region. Temperatures on the boundary surfaces of the HDPE blanks were measured using an infrared camera and thermocouples. Material flow patterns were observed by welding two different colors of the polymer blanks, white on the advancing side and black on the retreating side. Joint quality was assessed using optical microscopy and joint strength was measured by tensile testing. It was found that material temperatures greatly affect the material flow in the weld zone, which in turn affects the tendency to form defects and the overall joint quality. High joint efficiencies and large elongations in excess of 100% were obtained when the material temperatures across the thickness were in excess of 100 C.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationManufacturing Processes; Manufacturing Systems
ISBN (Electronic)9780791885819
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
EventASME 2022 17th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2022 - West Lafayette, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 20221 Jul 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of ASME 2022 17th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2022
Volume2

Conference

ConferenceASME 2022 17th International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWest Lafayette
Period27/06/221/07/22

Keywords

  • Elongation
  • Friction stir welding
  • High density polyethylene
  • Material flow
  • Material temperatures
  • Tensile strength

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