Printable Nanophotonic Devices via Holographic Laser Ablation

Qiancheng Zhao, Ali K. Yetisen, Aydin Sabouri, Seok Hyun Yun, Haider Butt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Holography plays a significant role in applications such as data storage, light trapping, security, and biosensors. However, conventional fabrication methods remain time-consuming, costly, and complex, limiting the fabrication of holograms and their extensive use. Here, we demonstrate a single-pulse laser ablation technique to write parallel surface gratings and Fresnel zone plates. We utilized a 6 ns high-energy green laser pulse to form interference patterns to record a surface grating with 820 nm periodicity and asymmetric zone plate holograms on 4.5 nm gold-coated substrates. The holographic recording process was completed within seconds. The optical characteristics of the interference patterns have been computationally modeled, and well-ordered polychromatic diffraction was observed from the fabricated holograms. The zone plate showed a significant diffraction angle of 32° from the normal incident for the focal point. The nanosecond laser interference ablation for rapid hologram fabrication holds great potential in a vast range of optical devices.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)9062-9069
Number of pages8
JournalACS Nano
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • diffraction gratings
  • holography
  • laser interference
  • lenses
  • zone plates

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