Principal component analysis based methodology to distinguish protein SERS spectra

G. Das, F. Gentile, M. L. Coluccio, A. M. Perri, A. Nicastri, F. Mecarini, G. Cojoc, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio

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Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates were fabricated using electro-plating and e-beam lithography techniques. Nano-structures were obtained comprising regular arrays of gold nanoaggregates with a diameter of 80 nm and a mutual distance between the aggregates (gap) ranging from 10 to 30 nm. The nanopatterned SERS substrate enabled to have better control and reproducibility on the generation of plasmon polaritons (PPs). SERS measurements were performed for various proteins, namely bovine serum albumin (BSA), myoglobin, ferritin, lysozyme, RNase-B, α-casein, α-lactalbumin and trypsin. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to organize and classify the proteins on the basis of their secondary structure. Cluster analysis proved that the error committed in the classification was of about 14%. In the paper, it was clearly shown that the combined use of SERS measurements and PCA analysis is effective in categorizing the proteins on the basis of secondary structure.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)500-505
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - 3 May 2011


  • Conformational analysis
  • Principal component analysis
  • Proteins
  • SERS


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