Preparation of TiO2/SiO2 ceramic membranes via dip coating for the treatment of produced water

Sara S. Marzouk, Vincenzo Naddeo, Fawzi Banat, Shadi W. Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Produced water, a by-product generated from the oil and gas extraction processes, represents a major challenge in the oil and gas industry as it is generally characterized with a very high salinity and oil content. Currently used ceramic membranes for oil-water separation suffer from the low water flux in spite of their several distinctive advantages. To overcome this limitation and to increase the water flux and oil rejection, commercial ceramic TiO2 membranes were dip coated with silica (SiO2) nanoparticles at different concentrations of 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.0 wt %. Coated membranes were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive x-ray sSpectroscopy (EDS), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman Spectroscopy and contact angle. Results showed that SiO2 nanoparticles were successfully deposited on the surface of the ceramic membranes confirming the dip coating approach. Furthermore, water flux of 817, 2724, 3636, 627, and 1292 L m−2 h−1 (LMH) was reported at control, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 wt%; respectively. Also, contact angle reported 75°, 50°, 40°, 24°, 0° at control, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 wt%; respectively. Finally, total organic carbon (TOC) in the treated water samples reported 100, 28, 11, 9, 10, 13 mg L−1 at control, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 wt%, respectively. This study can be a preliminary to further studies that accommodate industry-like conditions to help decrease the gap between ideal laboratory setups and harsh real life conditions to fully optimize and exploit the advantages of ceramic membranes in oil-water separation.

Original languageBritish English
Article number129684
JournalChemosphere
Volume273
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Ceramic membranes
  • Dip-coating
  • Oil rejection
  • Produced water
  • SiO

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