Preparation and properties of Pb/Sn/Al laminated composite anode for zinc electrowinning

Zhaohui Han, Peixian Zhu, Jianhua Liu, Sivasankar Koppala, Lei Xu, Libo Zhang, Chandrasekar Srinivasa Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The use of Pb/Sn/Al composite anode materials has been limited due to the thermodynamic immiscibility between Pb and Al sheets during the welding process. Thus, herein, Sn has been added between Pb and Al sheets to fabricate a Pb/Sn/Al laminated composite via vacuum hot-pressing welding (at a temperature of 230 °C for 12 h under 0.5 MPa). Furthermore, the interfacial microstructure and mechanical and electrical properties are investigated. Good metallurgical bonding has been realized due to the addition of Sn, and block α-Pb and a small amount of β-Sn solid solutions are also formed at the interface. In comparison with the Pb-Ag alloy anode, the Pb/Sn/Al laminated composite presents superior mechanical strength (73.9 MPa), and good electrical conductivity of the Pb/Sn/Al composite has been obtained due to its sandwich laminated structure. Moreover, the Pb/Sn/Al composite reduces the electrode reaction energy and improves the electrocatalytic activity of the electrode to reduce the bath voltage.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)29147-29154
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number51
StatePublished - 2018


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