Preparation and properties of endothermic functional ceramics with iron tailings as raw materials

Junping Meng, Jingxuan Peng, C. Srinivasakannan, Xinhui Duan, Jinsheng Liang

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10 Scopus citations


The present work attempts to utilize iron tailings as the main raw materials for preparation of functional ceramics as a means of resource utilization. A new type of endothermic functional ceramics, which can be used in the field of solar energy, was prepared via semi-dry pressing followed by pressureless sintering. The results show that the functional ceramics made of 68 wt% iron tailings, 26 wt% iron ore, 3 wt% alumina, 1 wt% potash feldspar and 2 wt% kaolin, sintered at 1185 °C exhibited the best overall performance. Visual observation reveals that there were no cracks on the surface of the samples even after 20 cycles of intense thermal shock. Other attributes could be summarized as follows: Infrared emissivity in mid-infrared region: 0.85; thermal conductivity at 500 °C: 2.066 W/(m•K); flexural strength: 119.03 MPa. XRD analysis indicates that the main crystalline phases in the samples are augite, magnetite and a small amount of hematite. An increase in the proportion of iron oxide contributed to lower melting temperature of the functional ceramics, deepen color, promote densification and increase infrared emissivity. In short, the introduction of iron tailings improves the thermal and physical properties to a certain extent.

Original languageBritish English
Article number055501
JournalMaterials Research Express
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2020


  • endothermic performance
  • functional ceramics
  • iron tailings
  • solar energy


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