Preferences in quantum games

Simon Phoenix, Faisal Khan, Berihu Teklu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


A quantum game can be viewed as a state preparation in which the final output state results from the competing preferences of the players over the set of possible output states that can be produced. It is therefore possible to view state preparation in general as being the output of some appropriately chosen (notional) quantum game. This reverse engineering approach in which we seek to construct a suitable notional game that produces some desired output state as its equilibrium state may lead to different methodologies and insights. With this goal in mind we examine the notion of preference in quantum games since if we are interested in the production of a particular equilibrium output state, it is the competing preferences of the players that determine this equilibrium state. We show that preferences on output states can be viewed in certain cases as being induced by measurement with an appropriate set of numerical weightings, or payoffs, attached to the results of that measurement. In particular we show that a distance-based preference measure on the output states is equivalent to a having a strictly-competitive set of payoffs on the results of some measurement.

Original languageBritish English
Article number126299
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Issue number15
StatePublished - 29 May 2020


  • Preferences on measurement
  • Quantum strategy
  • State preparation


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