Precise modeling of PEM fuel cell using improved chaotic MayFly optimization algorithm

Mohamed A.M. Shaheen, Hany M. Hasanien, M. S. El Moursi, Attia A. El-Fergany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The accuracy of the modeling of the fuel cell is important for achieving precise simulation results. This article presents a newly developed optimization method “Chaotic MayFly optimization algorithm” (CMOA) for obtaining the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) parameters. This research mainly targets an accurate modeling of the PEMFC that provides good match between the simulation results and those measured practically. In this regard, the I–V characteristics of the PEMFC's are non-linear, and there are seven design variables are considered because of the manufacturer's shortage in providing such information. The optimization problem formulated in this study is a non-linear problem. The objective function is mathematically expressed as the total squared error between the PEMFC terminal voltage measured in the laboratory vs the estimated terminal voltage from the simulation of the model. Since the metaheuristic optimization techniques are significantly influenced by the problem initialization, a new hybridization between the chaotic mapping and the MOA is employed to tackle the problem of the PEMFC design variables estimation and achieving better results. The CMOA is applied to find the best solution of the objective function that satisfies the preset conditions. The accurateness of the PEMFC approximated model is verified numerically using the optimal design variables. The simulation results are verified under various conditions of temperature and pressure. The estimated numerical results are compared with the measured data in case of many standard PEMFCs, such as Ballard, Mark V 5 kW, 500 W BCS, and 250 W stacks. The robustness of the proposed CMOA applied to the PEMFC model is also tested. The findings of the simulations of the proposed CMOA are compared with other findings obtained by other optimization methods. Applying the CMOA results in an accurate development of the PEMFC model.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)18754-18769
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Issue number13
StatePublished - 25 Oct 2021


  • fuel cell modeling
  • optimization algorithms
  • parameter determination
  • polarization curves


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