Policy planning for air quality management: Global and local perspectives

M. El-Fadel, H. Kalinian, S. Salhab, D. Jamali

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    2 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    An increasing number of environmental regulators in developed and developing countries have embarked on programmes for the promotion of environmentally sound and sustainable development strategies. Air pollution is among the most important environmental issues that need to be managed since it reflects directly and indirectly on the different aspects of human life. This paper presents an assessment of the evolution of air pollution control philosophies at the global level, and it describes advantages and disadvantages of alternate environmental strategies that can be considered in the development of an integrated and comprehensive plan for air quality management at the local level, with Lebanon as a case study of a typical developing country. The proposed strategy considers short-, medium- and long-term schemes that make use of regulatory and market-based instruments, such as pollution charges, and market creation and usage. The short-term scheme identifies serious polluters and improves environmental performance by adopting and enforcing updated environmental standards. Economic incentive concepts constitute the principal philosophy for medium-term application of a comprehensive environmental strategy, mostly applicable at the level of the transportation and energy sectors. Long-term strategies, targeting the industrial sector, aim at achieving a flexible free market in which polluters would compete on the basis of market forces and governmental incentives to attain better environmental performance and increase potential cost savings.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)211-231
    Number of pages21
    JournalJournal of Environmental Policy and Planning
    Volume3
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2001

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