Polarization resistance measurements: Potentiostatically or galvanostatically?

A. Guyader, Francois Huet, R. P. Nogueira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The estimation of corrosion current infield applications is based mostly on the Stem-Geary relationship and direct measurement of the polarization resistance, Rp, mainly with the linear polarization resistance technique but also with the electrochemical impedance technique. Technical advances in the last years effectively made available very simple and practical devices for field corrosion engineers. In spite of their convenience, the reliability of the measurements is based upon basic assumptions, such as the system linearityfor example, which are not a priori ensured and can be the source of measurement errors. One of these drawbacks is related to the drift of the corrosion potential during the measurements. The present paper investigates the influence of the non-stationarity of the system on Rp measurements. Values of Rp measured with the electrochemical impedance and linear polarization resistance techniques under potentiostatic or galvanostatic control were compared in the case of iron corrosion in stagnant and circulating brine solutions. It is shown that the galvanostatic control at a zero current gives more stable and, hence, reliable Rp values than the more commonly used potentiostatic control, in which the applied potential progressively differs from the actual corrosion potential during the measurement. It can then be seen as a more adequate interface control in non-stationary corrosion applications.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)136-144
Number of pages9
JournalCorrosion
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Galvanostat
  • Linear polarization resistance
  • Non-stationary systems
  • Polarization resistance
  • Potentiostat

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