Platinum Supported on H-Mordenite: A Highly Efficient Catalyst for Selective Hydrogenolysis of Glycerol to 1,3-Propanediol

Samudrala Shanthi Priya, Ponnala Bhanuchander, Vanama Pavan Kumar, Deepa K. Dumbre, Selvakannan R. Periasamy, Suresh K. Bhargava, Mannepalli Lakshmi Kantam, Komandur V.R. Chary

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    64 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The selective production of 1,3-propanediol from glycerol under mild reaction conditions is of high interest. The current work describes the use of a highly selective catalyst consisting of platinum supported on mordenite zeolite employed for the first time for vapor phase hydrogenolysis of glycerol to 1,3-propanediol under atmospheric pressure. The catalysts with varying Pt content (0.5-3 wt %) were prepared and thoroughly characterized by X-ray diffraction, temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia, FT-IR of adsorbed pyridine, CO chemisorptions, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and BET surface area. The influence of reaction parameters has been studied to unveil the optimized reaction conditions. A high 1,3-propanediol selectivity (48.6%) was obtained over a 2 wt % Pt/H-mordenite catalyst at 94.9% glycerol conversion. According to the results obtained, the selectivity to 1,3-propanediol is better influenced by Pt dispersion and Bronsted acidity of the support. A plausible reaction mechanism has been presented. The spent catalyst exhibited consistent activity and selectivity toward the desired product during the glycerol hydrogenolysis reaction.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)1212-1222
    Number of pages11
    JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
    Volume4
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 7 Mar 2016

    Keywords

    • 1,3-Propanediol
    • Bronsted acidity
    • Glycerol
    • H-mordenite
    • Platinum
    • Vapor phase hydrogenolysis
    • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

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