Plasma gasification process: Modeling, simulation and comparison with conventional air gasification

Isam Janajreh, Syed Shabbar Raza, Arnar Snaer Valmundsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, two methods of gasification are developed for the gasification of various feedstock, these are plasma gasification and conventional air gasification. The two methods are based on non-stoichiometric Gibbs energy minimization approach. The model takes into account the different type of feedstocks, which are analyzed at waste to energy lab at Masdar Institute, oxidizer used along with the plasma energy input and accurately evaluates the syngas composition. The developed model is applied for several types of feedstock, i.e. waste tire material, coal, plywood, pine needles, oil shale, and municipal solid waste (MSW), algae, treated/untreated wood, instigating air/steam as the plasma gas and only air as oxidizer for conventional gasification. The results of plasma gasification and conventional air gasification are calculated on the bases of product gas composition and the process efficiency. Results of plasma gasification shows that high gasification efficiency is achievable using both tire waste material and coal, also, the second law efficiency is calculated for plasma gasification that shows a relative high efficiency for tire and coal as compare to other feedstock. The average process efficiency for plasma gasification is calculated to be around 42%. On other hand the result of conventional gasification shows an average efficiency of 72%. The low efficiency of plasma gasification suggest that if only the disposal of hazard waste material is considered then plasma gasification can be a viable option to recover energy.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)801-809
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Exergy
  • Gasification
  • Gibbs energy minimization
  • Plasma

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