Plasma diagnostics during laser ablation in a cavity

Xianzhong Zeng, Samuel S. Mao, Chunyi Liu, Xianglei Mao, Ralph Greif, Richard E. Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


The formation of a laser-induced plasma in a cavity and the effects of a cavity on the ablation process were investigated. Cavities were fabricated in fused silica with equal depths and variable diameters to provide aspect ratios (depth/diameter) of 1, 3 and 6. The temperature and electron number density of the pulsed laser-induced plasma in the cavities were determined from spectroscopic measurements. Reflection and confinement effects by the cavity walls and plasma shielding were discussed to explain increased temperature and electron number density with increasing cavity aspect ratio. The temporal variations of the plasma temperature and electron number density sharply decreased inside the cavity. An adiabatic expansion model was not suitable for the laser-induced plasma in the cavity because plasma wall interactions were not included. Properties of laser-induced plasmas in the cavities and on a flat surface were compared.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)867-877
Number of pages11
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
Issue number5
StatePublished - 30 May 2003


  • Cavity aspect ratio
  • Cavity structure
  • Laser ablation
  • Laser-induced plasma


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