Phyllosilicate derived catalysts for efficient conversion of lignocellulosic derived biomass to biodiesel: A review

Sumra Nawaz, Mushtaq Ahmad, Saira Asif, Jiří Jaromír Klemeš, Muhammad Mubashir, Mamoona Munir, Muhammad Zafar, Awais Bokhari, Ahmad Mukhtar, Sidra Saqib, Kuan Shiong Khoo, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efforts have been made to review phyllosilicate derived (clay-based) heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production via lignocellulose derived feedstocks. These catalysts have many practical and potential applications in green catalysis. Phyllosilicate derived heterogeneous catalysts (modified via any of these approaches like acid activated clays, ion exchanged clays and layered double hydroxides) exhibits excellent catalytic activity for producing cost effective and high yield biodiesel. The combination of different protocols (intercalated catalysts, ion exchanged catalysts, acidic activated clay catalysts, clay-supported catalysts, composites and hybrids, pillared interlayer clay catalysts, and hierarchically structured catalysts) was implemented so as to achieve the synergetic effects (acidic-basic) in resultant material (catalyst) for efficient conversion of lignocellulose derived feedstock (non-edible oils) to biodiesel. Utilisation of these Phyllosilicate derived catalysts will pave path for future researchers to investigate the cost-effective, accessible and improved approaches in synthesising novel catalysts that could be used for converting lignocellulosic biomass to eco-friendly biodiesel.

Original languageBritish English
Article number126068
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume343
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Heterogeneous catalyst
  • Homogeneous catalyst
  • Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • Phyllosilicate minerals

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