Photophysics of a xanthenic derivative dye useful as an "on/off" fluorescence probe

Luis Crovetto, Jose M. Paredes, Ramon Rios, Eva M. Talavera, Jose M. Alvarez-Pez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The photophysical behavior of a new fluorescein derivative has been explored by using absorption and steadystate and time-resolved fluorescence measurements. The influence of ionic strength, as well as total buffer concentration, on both the absorbance and fluorescence has been investigated. The apparent acidity constant of the dye determined by absorbance is almost independent of the added buffer and salt concentrations. A semiempirical model is proposed to rationalize the variations in the apparent pKa values. The excited-state proton-exchange reaction around the physiological pH becomes reversible upon addition of phosphate buffer, inducing a pH-dependent change of the steady-state fluorescence and decay times. Fluorescence decay traces, collected as a function of total buffer concentration and pH, were analyzed by global compartmental analysis, yielding the following values of me rate constants describing excited-state dynamics: k01 = 1.29 × 1010 s-1, k02 = 4.21 × 108 s-1, k21 ≈ 3 × 106 M-1 s-1, k12B = 6.40 × 108 M -1 s-1, and k21B = 2.61 × 107 M-1 s-1. The decay rate constant values of k01, k21, and k21B, along with the low molar absorption coefficient of die neutral form, mean that coupled decays are practically monoexponential at buffer concentrations higher than 0.02 M and any pH. Thus, the pH and buffer concentration can modulate me main lifetime of the dye.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)13311-13320
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number51
StatePublished - 27 Dec 2007


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