Phase field method for simulation of multiphase flow

Harish Ganapathy, Ebrahim Al-Hajri, Michael M. Ohadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The present paper reports a comprehensive study on the numerical simulation of Taylor flow in microchannels by the phase field method. Additionally, a comparative study was also performed against an alternative volume of fluid model based on which the phase field method was found to be more advantageous in key aspects such as the absence of unphysical interfacial pressure oscillations and the ability to account for variations in the surface tension force and thus predict several bubble lengths under constant flow conditions while observing the physics of homogeneous two-phase flow. Different bubble formation mechanisms were simulated and compared against experimental findings in literature. The simulation of a thin liquid film at the channel wall was found to be a limitation of most works pertaining to Taylor flow, including the present. This was ascribed to be more likely due to limited dimensional and spatial resolution as well as inaccurate contact angle dynamics rather than limitations of the modeling approach itself. The effect of wall adhesion was studied with respect to the flow and pressure field in the channel. A validation of the model was achieved through a favorable comparison of the numerically predicted gas void fraction and bubble lengths with existing models and correlations. On the whole, the phase field method was concluded to have improved predictive accuracy with respect to certain aspects as compared to conventional multiphase flow models.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationFluids and Thermal Systems; Advances for Process Industries
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 2011
EventASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: 11 Nov 201117 Nov 2011

Publication series

NameASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011


ConferenceASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver, CO


  • Bubble formation
  • Microchannel
  • Mobility
  • Phase field
  • Taylor flow
  • Two-phase
  • Volume of fluid


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