Petroleum system analysis of the komombo basin, southern Egypt: Insights from basin modeling and hydrocarbon geochemistry

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    Komombo Basin is the only hydrocarbon-producing basin in southern Egypt. However, its petroleum system is still poorly understood, leaving numerous geological questions unanswered. This study integrates seismic, borehole, and geochemical data, coupled with 1D and 2D basin models, to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential and analyze the petroleum system within the Komombo Basin. Geochemical data reveal four main source rocks: the B member of Six Hills, upper Maghrabi, Quseir, and Dakhla. The B member is interpreted as a very good source rock, characterized by Kerogen type II to II/III. The upper Maghrabi and Quseir are considered good to very good source rocks with organic matter type III and II/III, respectively. Conversely, the Dakhla Formation is recognized as a source rock of good to excellent quality with a mixed kerogen type of II/III. Temperature models highlight two heat anomalies during the Early and Late Cretaceous, aligning with the identified rift phases in the basin. The present-day thermal maturity model indicates that the B member is the only mature source rock that has entered the main oil window. However, in the deepest part of the basin, it reaches the gas window. Although the hydrocarbon generation from the B member began in the Early Turonian, most of the kerogen transformed into hydrocarbons during the middle Santonian-early Maastrichtian. Three migration scenarios were tested, however, the first scenario with the invasion percolation migration method aligns more with known hydrocarbon accumulations in the basin. The predicted accumulation zones are found within several sand units, including the A member, C member, sandy intervals within D-G members of Six Hills, and Sabaya-Maghrabi reservoirs. These zones are predominantly situated within structural traps. Comparative analysis using gas chromatograms between recovered oils from the reservoirs and an extracted bitumen sample from the B member source rock reveals a strong correlation among them.

    Original languageBritish English
    Article number106955
    JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
    StatePublished - Sep 2024


    • 1D basin model
    • 2D basin model
    • Cretaceous basins
    • Petroleum system
    • South Egypt


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