Performance Assessment of Frequency Selective Grounding for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems

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Abstract

Photovoltaic (PV) panels and their grid-connection circuitries have to be grounded to comply with various standards and industrial codes. Objectives of grounding a PV system include limiting ground currents and potentials, supporting the operation of protective devices therein, and preventing the accumulation of static charges on PV panels. These objectives can be translated into design constraints for an impedance to connect a PV system to the ground. This paper presents the design and performance assessment of a frequency selective grounding (FSGR) for grid-connected PV systems. The proposed FSGR is composed of a parallel <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$R$</tex-math></inline-formula>, <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$L$</tex-math></inline-formula>, and <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$C$</tex-math></inline-formula> circuit, which provides a resistive path for dc currents and a low capacitive impedance path for harmonic currents. The FSGR is designed and experimentally tested for a 2 kW, <inline-formula><tex-math notation="LaTeX">$3\phi$</tex-math></inline-formula>, laboratory grid-connected PV system under fault and non-fault conditions. The performance of the proposed grounding is also compared with the solid grounding under similar conditions to further assess its capabilities. Experimental results show that the FSGR can reduce ground currents, limit ground potentials, and reduce the dc leakage currents. These observed features are complimented with minor effects on the operation of protective devices in a grid connected PV system.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • and ground fault protection
  • Circuit faults
  • Grid-connected photovoltaic systems
  • grid-connection circuitry
  • ground currents and potentials
  • Grounding
  • grounding system designs
  • Harmonic analysis
  • Impedance
  • Leakage currents
  • power system grounding
  • Switches
  • Voltage

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