Perfect wetting along a three-phase line: Theory and molecular dynamics simulations

Andrés Mejía, Lourdes F. Vega

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Abstract

Wetting behavior along a three-phase equilibrium has been obtained by density gradient theory (DGT) and molecular dynamics simulations for a type-II equal size Lennard-Jones mixture. In order to perform a consistent comparison between both methodologies, the molecular parameters of this type of mixture were defined from the global phase diagram of equal size Lennard-Jones mixtures. We have found excellent agreement between predictions from the DGT (coupled to a Lennard-Jones equation for the bulk phases) and simulations results for both the phase and interface behavior, in the whole temperature, pressure, and concentration ranges. For all conditions explored in this work, this type-II mixture shows a three-phase equilibrium composed by a bulk immiscible liquid phase (L1) and a bulk gas phase (G) separated by a second immiscible liquid phase (L2). A similar phase distribution is obtained from the interfacial concentration profile in the whole range of conditions used in this work. This type of structure is a clear evidence that L2 completely wets the GL1 interface. The wetting behavior is also confirmed by the values and evolution of the interfacial tensions. In summary, this kind of type-II mixture does not show wetting transitions and exhibits a permanent perfect wetting in all the thermodynamic conditions explored here.

Original languageBritish English
Article number244505
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume124
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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