Parametric performance analysis of an electrostatic wire-cylinder aerosol separator in laminar flow using a numerical modeling approach

M. Alshehhi, A. Shooshtari, S. Dessiatoun, M. Ohadi, A. Goharzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

A numerical methodology based on the Lagrangian approach is outlined to study the performance of a select class of electrostatic aerosol separators. This modeling method is used to perform a parametric study on the efficiency of a wire-cylinder separator in separation of water aerosols from air. The geometry consists of an 80 μm diameter wire placed in the centerline of a 20 mm diameter cylinder. The work focuses on the effect of applied voltage (in the range of 4 to 8 kV), flow velocity (in the range of 0.3 to 1.5 m/s), flow temperature (in the range of 280 K to 320 K), and separator length (in the range of 0.05 to 0.15 m) on charging of water aerosols and on separator collection efficiency in laminar flow. The aerosols size ranges between 0.01-10 μm. The results of the study show that applied voltage, flow rate, and separator length affect the separation efficiency significantly, while the effect of flow temperature seems negligible.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)299-309
Number of pages11
JournalSeparation Science and Technology (Philadelphia)
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Diffusion charging
  • Electrohydrodynamics
  • Electrostatic precipitator
  • Field charging
  • Numerical modeling
  • Rayleigh limit
  • Separation
  • Water aerosol

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