Overview and challenges of the photolytic and photocatalytic splitting of H2S

Habeebllah Oladipo, Ahmed Yusuf, Samar Al Jitan, Giovanni Palmisano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


In this article, studies on the photolytic and photocatalytic splitting techniques for the generation of hydrogen from H2S in aqueous and gas phase media under ultraviolet and/or visible light irradiation are reviewed. The kinetics of hydrogen production are also thoroughly discussed as a step towards process scale-up. Our findings indicate that the splitting of gaseous H2S exhibits greater economic potential but shows much slower kinetics than its aqueous phase counterpart. Recent studies have demonstrated that higher efficiency can be attained with manganese sulfide (MnS) photocatalysts compared to cadmium sulfide (CdS), which in the past has been widely recognized as a promising photocatalyst for the production of H2 from aqueous H2S. Finally, the current challenges faced in implementing light-driven H2S splitting and its prospects are highlighted. In particular, it was realized that future work needs to be directed towards the synthesis of novel photocatalysts or the development of reaction conditions that minimize or completely inhibit photo-corrosion, one of the major issues faced during the light-driven production of H2 from H2S in the presence of several photocatalysts. This critical review is envisaged to help fuel the renewed interest in the production of hydrogen through photocatalytic H2S splitting.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)125-137
Number of pages13
JournalCatalysis Today
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2021


  • HS splitting
  • Hydrogen production
  • Natural-gas sweetening
  • Photocatalysis
  • Photolysis
  • Sulfides


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