Origin of drusy dolomite cement in permo-triassic dolostones, northern United Arab Emirates

Howri Mansurbeg, Mohammad Alsuwaidi, Shijun Dong, Salahadin Shahrokhi, Sadoon Morad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

While the characteristics and origin of drusy calcite cement in carbonate deposits is well constrained in the literature, little attention is paid to drusy dolomite cement. Petrographic observations, stable isotopes, and fluid-inclusion microthermometry suggest that drusy dolomite cement in Permo-Triassic conglomerate/breccia dolostone beds in northern United Arab Emirates has precipitated as cement and not by dolomitization of drusy calcite cement. The low δ18OVPDB (−9.4‰ to −6.2‰) and high homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions in drusy dolomite (Th = 73–233 °C) suggest that dolomitization was caused by hot basinal brines (salinity = 23.4 wt% NaCl eq.). The δ13CVPDB values (+0.18‰ to +1.6‰) and87Sr/86Sr ratio (0.708106 to 0.708147) indicate that carbon and strontium were derived from the host marine Permo-Triassic carbonates. Following this dolomitization event, blocky calcite (Th = 148 °C; salinity = 20.8 wt% NaCl eq.) precipitated from the hot basinal brines. Unravelling the origin of drusy dolomite cement has important implications for accurate construction of paragenetic sequences in carbonate rocks and decipher the origin and chemistry of diagenetic waters in sedimentary basins.

Original languageBritish English
Article number1908
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Cementation
  • Dolomitization
  • Drusy dolomite
  • Hot basinal fluids

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