Optimal tie-line and battery sizing for remote provisional microgrids

Tarek Medalel Masaud, Ehab El-Saadany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Unlike traditional microgrids, Provisional Microgrid (PMG) utilizes only renewable generation and small energy storage units; thus, it does not have an inherent self-islanding capability and instead, relies on importing power from any coupled microgrid (CMG) for islanding purposes. Therefore, assuring adequate power sharing between interconnected provisional and coupled MGs is crucial for assuring self-islanding capability and reliable operation. The optimal power that can be transferred between the coupled MG and the PMG is mainly restricted by the size of the interconnecting tie-line; hence, determining the tie-line optimal size becomes a crucial task that must be tackled. Furthermore, the amount of power transferred is significantly influenced by the flexibility level of each microgrid. Since battery storage systems (BSS) is the main source of flexibility in PMGs, it becomes also vital to obtain the optimal size of the BSS for planning islanded PMG system. This paper presents an optimization model to jointly determine the optimal size of the BSS in each MG and the tie-line size to assure optimal power sharing and minimum system cost (tie-line investment cost, BSS investment cost, and interconnected system’s operation cost). Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)214-225
Number of pages12
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2021


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