Optimal Day-Ahead Scheduling of Power-to-Gas Energy Storage and Gas Load Management in Wholesale Electricity and Gas Markets

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    Abstract

    Power-to-gas (PtG) energy storage converts electricity to hydrogen or synthetic natural gas. The gas produced is stored and converted back to electricity at a later time; or it is directly used to supply a gas load and/or sell in the gas market. In the first case, due to double energy conversion in a relatively less efficient process, a large portion of the energy is wasted. The latter case is examined in this paper, where PtG storage is optimally scheduled to convert waste/inexpensive electricity to synthetic natural gas for some useful operations at appropriate time periods. To that end, a new model is proposed for optimal day-ahead scheduling of PtG storage and gas load management in electricity and gas markets to minimize the cost of gas consumption for the gas load. A gas demand forecasting algorithm is integrated into the scheduling model. Reserve provision is formulated as part of the optimization problem to optimally manage the gas load in case of an outage in the gas grid. The application of the proposed model to a test case is examined, and the results are studied.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)940-951
    Number of pages12
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
    Volume9
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2018

    Keywords

    • Electricity and gas markets
    • gas demand forecasting
    • gas load management
    • optimal scheduling
    • PtG storage

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