Optical flow-based slip and velocity estimation technique for unmanned skid-steered vehicles

Xiaojing Song, Zibin Song, Lakmal D. Seneviratne, Kaspar Althoefer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first author would like to thank the financial support provided by China Scholarship Council (CSC). Zibin Song, Lakmal D Seneviratne and Kaspar Althoefer are with the Division of Engineering, King's College London, London, WC2R 2LS UK (e-mail: zibin.song, lakmal.seneviratne, k.althoefer@kcl.ac.uk). Abstract - This paper proposes a novel technique to estimate slips and velocities of an unmanned skid-steered vehicle. An optical flow-based visual sensor looking down the terrain surface is employed to recover the motion of the vehicle by tracking features selected from the terrain surface. The special orientation of the on-board camera is to assure high accuracy of the motion estimation. To cope with the noise and uncertainty from the visual sensor, a sliding mode observer (SMO) based on the kinematic model of the skid-steered vehicle is delicately designed to simultaneously estimate the slips and velocities. The complete non-GPS slip and velocity estimation technique is independent of terrain parameters and robust to noise and uncertainty. The SMO scheme can produce more accurate estimates than the extended Kalman filter (EKF) in the nonlinear case. Experimental results are given to show that the technique has good potential for vehicle slip and velocity estimation.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publication2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS
Pages101-106
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Event2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS - Nice, France
Duration: 22 Sep 200826 Sep 2008

Publication series

Name2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS

Conference

Conference2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityNice
Period22/09/0826/09/08

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